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Glossary

Abstinence

Abstinence means not having sex. It is the only sure way to prevent a pregnancy.

AIDS

AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. It is an illness that can develop in people with HIV.

AHCCCS

AHCCCS stands for Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System. It is pronounced “access.” AHCCCS is a health insurance program for people with low incomes.

Cervix

The cervix is the lower end of the uterus, located at the top of the vagina.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that can be passed during sex. It can damage the reproductive organs if not treated. People can have Chlamydia and not realize it.

Condom

A condom is a thin cover that slides over the penis. Condoms are used to help prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Condoms must be used properly to be effective and are usually made of latex (rubber).

Contraception

Contraception, also known as birth control, is anything done or used to prevent pregnancy. There are many kinds of contraception. It’s important to talk to your doctor or health provider about your birth control options.

Eligible

To be eligible means to meet the requirements for a program or benefit.

Emergency contraception/morning after pill

The emergency contraception pill can stop a pregnancy from starting, even if taken three to five days after having sex. It is not the same thing as an abortion pill and will not end a pregnancy.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that can be passed during sex. It can damage the reproductive organs if not treated. People can have gonorrhea and not realize it.

Guardian

A guardian is an adult who cares for and makes legal decisions for a person under 18-years-old.

Gynecological

Gynecological means relating to the female reproductive organs.

HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HIV is a virus that can be passed during sex and other contact between blood and certain bodily fluids. HIV weakens the immune system and can lead to life-threatening infections.

Incest

Incest is sex between closely-related family members.

Infertility

Infertility means having problems becoming pregnant or trouble with having healthy pregnancies.

Pap test/smear

A Pap smear is a test that checks for changes in the cells of the cervix. The test looks for abnormal cells that could be cancer or could become cancer. Pap is short for Papanicolaou, the name of the doctor who invented the test.

Pelvic exam

A pelvic exam is a physical exam on a woman’s vagina, cervix and ovaries. It may include a Pap test.

STIs/STDs – sexually transmitted infections

Sexually transmitted infections are infections that can be spread during sexual contact. Often, people don’t know that they are infected.

Syphilis

Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can be passed during sex. People can be infected and not know it.

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer grows in the testicles and occurs most often in men ages 20-39. Any new lump or bump on the testicles should be checked.

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